Hello! Suspicion is a terrible, often even harmful thing. Once we returned from nature, and one of the young ladies took out the soul of everyone when she found some wound on her leg.
Surely she was bitten by a tick, probably encephalitis, probably she urgently needed to go to the hospital ... But it turned out that the girl just got scratched and did not notice. She explained to her how to understand that a tick had bitten you. I decided to duplicate this information here!
The content of the article:
- 1 How to find out that a tick bit you
- 2 How to understand what a tick bit
- 3 How to understand what a tick bit
- 3.1 Pest Description
- 3.2 External signs
- 3.3 What is dangerous
- 3.4 The incubation period in humans with bites
- 3.5 External signs of a parasite bite
- 3.6 Symptoms
- 3.7 The first signs (a few hours after the bite)
- 3.8 Later signs of insect contact
- 3.9 Manifestations in contact with an encephalitis tick
- 3.10 More about diseases after contact with a parasite
- 3.11 Where to go after a tick bite
- 3.12 How to treat a bite
- 3.13 Treatment of the affected area
- 3.14 Tablet formulations
- 3.15 Preventative measures
- 4 The first signs and symptoms of a tick bite
- 4.1 The danger of bites - complications and consequences
- 4.2 Frequent Bite Areas
- 4.3 What are the symptoms of a tick bite?
- 4.4 When and how quickly symptoms appear
- 4.5 First signs
- 4.6 Symptoms the next day
- 4.7 Signs of a tick bite
- 4.8 Signs of an encephalitis tick bite
- 4.9 Signs of a tick bite infected with lime borreliosis
- 4.10 Symptoms of other tick-borne diseases
- 4.11 What to do after a tick bite
- 4.12 Forecast
- 4.13 Conclusion
How to find out that a tick bit you
The time when ticks are the most active is spring and summer. Cases of attack are becoming more frequent in April, May and October. These parasites choose morning or evening hours for hunting, because they do not like the hot time of the day.
Many people are sure that ticks are found only on trees, but this is an erroneous opinion. In general, their habitat is grass, low shrubs, where they occupy a waiting position.
At the slightest contact of a person with a branch, the tick clings to its victim and, finding the softest spot on the body, begins to bite its jaw into the skin.
The amount of blood that he can suck in a person is not so large compared to what harm is being done to his health. After all, ticks are carriers of diseases such as encephalitis and borreliosis.
It is not always possible to detect the insect itself at the site of the bite, which is very dangerous, a person may not even realize that a tick has bitten him. Therefore, it is necessary to know the main signs of a bite of this insect.
The most common signs of a tick bite are fever, headaches, muscle aches, sweating and irritability.
At the site of the bite, redness will surely remain, which eventually increases in diameter, and a white spot forms in the center. Sometimes the bite diameter can reach 10 centimeters.
Sometimes a person does not attach importance to such spots on his body, and when after a few weeks the redness at the site of the bite disappears, he completely forgets about it, but in vain.
If you are bitten by a tick infected with encephalitis, the consequences will not be long in coming. Indigestion, general weakness, fever may appear.
In severe forms of the disease, there is a severe headache, fever, an infected person is lost in space. This may mean that the virus caused inflammation of the spinal cord and brain, and affected the central nervous system.
The consequences of the disease can be the most deplorable. Therefore, at the first suspicion of a tick bite, you must consult a doctor.
During walks in nature, as often as possible inspect the most exposed places, try not to wear open things, at the first suspicion of a bite, seek medical help.
How to recognize a tick
In spring and summer, ticks are most active. However, the victim of their attack can be even in October, especially in the morning or evening hours, when the street is cool. To protect themselves from their bites is completely within the power of everyone.
Remember that a tick can get on your skin not only from a tree. Mostly they live in grass or shrubs, from where it is more convenient to quietly crawl onto an animal or person.
You only need to touch the branch so that the tick begins its path to a vulnerable place and begins to bite into the skin. Remember if you touched the branches on a walk, or walked on the grass.
Many do not immediately notice a tick on their body, because its bite is almost imperceptible. Moreover, the first symptoms usually appear only after a few days or even weeks.
It depends on the characteristics of the body and how many viruses and tick products have entered your body.
Among the signs: increased body temperature, muscle and headaches, irritability, fatigue, sweating.
Please note, if you have an upset gastrointestinal tract, severe weakness, an ever-increasing headache, and you begin to lose orientation in space, these may be symptoms of spinal cord and brain damage due to tick-borne encephalitis virus entering the body.
Carefully inspect the site of the alleged bite. It will definitely have redness, which will increase in size. There will be a white spot in the center.
In this case, the stain can reach a size of 10 centimeters. Pay attention to the change in skin color after returning from the street. After some time, redness may disappear altogether.
Measures for protection against tick bites include vaccination. The vaccine must be administered once a year. You can do this by contacting the clinic.
In addition, while outdoors, try not to expose your body. Be sure to inspect after each walk, ask relatives or friends to help with this.
How to detect a tick
Going into the forest for mushrooms and berries or just walking in the park, be vigilant: you can become a victim of a bite of a small but very insidious insect - a tick.
Note that ticks are small. Adults reach a length of 3-4 mm. The body of the tick is dense, covered with small setae. The color is dark brown or black. If you find an insect on your body, do not panic.
In order for the infection to enter the blood, at least 2-3 days must pass. But delay is also not worth it. With a bite, a person usually does not feel pain, because the insect injects saliva into the skin, which has an analgesic effect.
Therefore, when leaving for the forest, be vigilant. Periodically inspect the entire body, the likelihood that you will find a tick not caught on the skin will be higher.
A tick crawling over the body can be felt instantly, as it touches the hairs on the skin. Therefore, the most effective way to detect an insect is through self and mutual examinations.
Pay special attention to the neck, areas of the skin behind the ears, groin, inner thighs, elbows and knees.
The skin in these places is the thinnest, so ticks can creep towards them for a long time. It takes some more time for the insect to firmly dig into the skin.
Detecting a tick bite is quite simple. After the insect is sucked, it significantly increases in size.
The tick head is not visible, it is under the skin. It happens that the parasite sticks for a short time, and then it disappears by itself. Then at the site of the bite you will see a swelling, a red spot and a burning sensation.
If you did not see a tick on the body, but found a black dot, ring-shaped redness and there is a suspicion of a bite, treat this place with iodine and contact a trauma center or clinic. In general, if a tick is found, if possible, visit a medical institution as soon as possible.
How to determine the type of tick
With a tick bite, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible. The doctor will check whether the tick is completely removed, after which the insect itself will be transferred for examination to the laboratory.
In appearance, it is impossible to determine whether it is a tick or not. In the laboratory, using the highly sensitive PCR method, virus RNA will be detected.
Two types of ticks are carriers of tick-borne encephalitis, borreliosis, and other serious diseases: taiga and canine. The first of these is most often found in Siberia and the Far East.
In the European part of Russia, a dog tick is common. Taiga ticks have a red body with a black pattern. Dog ticks look like a gray pouch, with all six legs and a head located in front of them.
The elk tick is not a carrier of encephalitis, but in August, which is the peak of activity of these insects, the elk tick is often confused with taiga. He has a flat body, tenacious thick legs, a sharp proboscis with which he pierces the skin.
After which they drop their wings, and all their further life flows on the body of this forest beast. On a person, elk mites land “by mistake”. Their bites are very painful and unpleasant. But they do not carry with them the danger of contracting encephalitis.
They are confused with taiga ticks due to the peculiarity of dropping wings. If you look closely, they have 6 legs, not 8, and their body is closer in structure to the fly than to the taiga tick.
When working in agriculture or in the country, you can also come across various types of ticks. So, on garden sites in May and June, many gardeners meet with red mites.
Another common tick species in rural areas is gamasid mites.Their size is 0.3-4 mm, the body is yellowish in color.
During the day, they usually hide, and at night they attack poultry (chickens, etc.). Also, these insects can suck blood from rodents. Upon contact with infected birds and rodents, a person can get rat or bird tick-borne dermatitis.
People working with grain may encounter barn mites. Their bites cause an allergic reaction, irritation, respiratory symptoms.
How to detect and remove a tick
Ticks are bacteria and infectious diseases that cause problems with the joints, heart, and nerves. Ticks can sometimes cause serious complications, with symptoms similar to rheumatoid arthritis.
When you find a tick on the body, do not panic. He needs from 48 to 72 hours to bring the infection into the blood. But it is not recommended to linger, we remove the insect immediately.
To extract the tick yourself, you need tweezers with concave tips. Try to grab it at the very surface of the skin and pull it with soft confident movements in the opposite direction.
After extraction, it is necessary to treat the skin with an antiseptic, alcohol-containing solution or iodine. Do not fill the wound with a large amount of antiseptic, you can burn the skin.
If there are no tweezers on hand, you can make a loop of thread and throw it at the base of the tick, as close to the skin as possible. And with the same soft, swaying from side to side movements, we extend it. The removed tick can be placed in a glass jar and shown to a doctor for identification.
If, when a tick is removed, its proboscis and head remain in the wound, then it’s okay. It can be removed with tweezers or, if left as is, an abscess forms, which will burst through time, and all residues will be removed on their own.
How to understand what a tick bit
The target of a tick attack is human or animal blood. The tick bites into the body and feeds on the blood of the chosen victim for several days. In addition to a bite, a major problem is the likelihood of infection of dangerous diseases.
How to understand what a tick has bitten and how dangerous it is
Various insects can bite in the forest or in the country, one of them may be an infectious tick. How to understand that it was a tick that bit you?
It is important after each visit to a potentially dangerous area for insect attack to inspect and feel your body from head to toe.
Otherwise, how can you find out that a tick has bitten, because its bite is completely painless due to the release by an insect of a substance with analgesic properties at the time of the bite.
First of all, it is necessary to identify the insect found on the body. How to understand - is it a tick or not? Perhaps its appearance has nothing to do with blood sucking insects.
It looks like an oval pouch to which a proboscis and paws are attached. The brain of an insect is located in the central part of the body.
The hungry tick is flat. The protective chitin skeleton can be of different shades. There are light yellow ticks and dark brown ones.
There are suction cups on 4 pairs of legs. Their presence allows you to move not only on horizontal and inclined, but also on vertical surfaces.
On the legs there are tools for mounting on the victim’s body.They are in the form of a microscopic size of thorns and denticles.
Chitinous dorsal shield in females covers a small part, only 1/3 of the back. The males have it all. This structure allows you to increase the elasticity of the female body and contributes to its increase in size by 15 times.
The drunk blood female becomes a dark gray hue. Dangerous vectors of encephalitis are mainly taiga and dog ticks of similar size and shape. Taiga has a characteristic bright color of the abdomen. The abdominal part of the canine is gray in different shades.
Knowing the appearance of the encephalitis tick allows you to timely avoid the disease with a serious illness. It is only possible to find out whether that carrier is or not only after laboratory testing.
For those who have been bitten by a tick, the type of insect is not very important, it is important whether or not it is a carrier of encephalitis. You can only find out by checking the blood in the laboratory. However, sometimes the symptoms of the disease are manifested by the following symptoms:
- manifestation of blistering at the site of the bite, accompanied by redness;
- constant chills and an increase in the temperature of a bitten to a 40-degree value;
- skin rash;
- the presence of general weakness, aching joints and headache;
- loss of consciousness for a short time;
- gastrointestinal upset, accompanied by nausea and vomiting;
- an increase in the size of the liver and (or) spleen;
- yellowing of the skin, etc.
In the presence of any of the listed symptoms, the bite should immediately contact the therapist or infectious disease specialist! The question of how to understand what kind of tick is under the skin is asked by many on the Internet.
Non-standard problem. If the insect is completely under the skin, this is considered the worst case scenario.
The insect under the skin looks like a new mole or a small ball different from the color of the skin. If a tick is stuck, it is felt discomfort in the contact area.
Can a tick fall off in humans
After receiving the dose of blood he needs, the insect falls off on its own. This can happen both in a couple of hours, and in a few days.
This is quite difficult, because the place of the bite in appearance will resemble a bite of a fly, gadfly or mosquito. In this case, the symptoms are symptoms of fever, in some cases dizzy.
In these cases, you need to urgently consult a doctor. The complexity of the situation with a tick that fell off the body is the impossibility of presenting the insect to the laboratory for analysis.
It is important to fix the date of the probable bite and after exactly 10 days go to the clinic and be checked for tick-borne encephalitis. In some cases, it will be correct to check again after a couple of weeks.
The moment of the bite due to the anesthesia introduced by the insect can not be noticed, but unpleasant consequences will certainly appear.
Where does a tick bite more often and how much does a person sit
Important information is the answer to the question: how long does a tick last on the human body? Many people think 2-3 days.
To some extent, they are right, but only with respect to male ticks. After saturation, for which 3-4 days are enough for them, they leave the human body.
In relation to females, the term is increased several times. Females are on the human body for up to 1.5 weeks. Their functional task is different than that of males. They must prepare for procreation. After the birth of small cubs, the female dies.
Quite often, tick bite sites are located on areas of the body that are not covered by clothing. In other cases, insects crawl under clothing. Visitors to the forest should know where ticks usually bite.
Most often, the bite places are the neck, the hairy head and the area behind the ears. On other parts of the body, the favorite tick areas are the armpits, lower abdomen, groin, lower back, and genitals. Insects choose places, penetrating into which they can quickly reach the blood source.
How to find a parasite on the body
Many are interested in how to understand that you have a tick. If you had to travel for a long time through a dense forest, a hut, and tall grass, you can be sure that ticks sitting in an ambush get on your clothes.
In the absence of a special anti-mite costume, one of the blood-sucking insects can get under the clothes.
There is a methodology for determining the tick on the body:
- You need to remove all the clothes in the bathroom and send them to a dry bath. This will exclude the movement of insects and creeping into other rooms.
- Checking for ticks on your body should begin with hair on your head. It is desirable to dissolve them. It is required to probe the skin centimeter by centimeter under the hairline. It is necessary to work with two hands, fingers hold together. Any foreign object and tubercles on the skin should be suspicious.
- It is necessary to comb your hair in order to exclude the presence of ticks hidden in the hair and not yet stuck in the scalp.
- Inspect the body, starting from above. It is advisable to use when inspecting a large mirror, which is usually present in bathrooms. It is good if one of the household helps to detect the presence of ticks.
- Pay attention when examining the areas of the armpits, groin, under the chest.
- After completing a personal inspection, clean clothing should be worn.
- It is advisable to urgently leave things in the bathtub for washing. The bath must be checked for insects.
How a tick bites into human skin
To dig into the skin of a tick, a special oral apparatus is used that has a difficult structure. It is sometimes incorrectly called the head of a tick. There are several parts to this insect structure.
In addition to the capsule located at the base of the mouth apparatus, there is a proboscis, in which there is a pair of pedipalps and chelicera.
The proboscis is fixed on the base. It is a solid plate and to some extent similar to a sting. There are many hooks bent backwards on the proboscis.
They are arranged in rows. The farther from the base capsule, the smaller they are. At the top, short sharp spikes can be found. It is they who cut the skin at the time of the bite. In addition to them, chelice blades located at the base of the proboscis participate in the process of cutting through the skin.
The proboscis and chelicera cut into the surface skin layer and invade the tissues. A couple of pedipalps solve a tactile function. These elements are placed on the sides of the proboscis. Their feature is the joint structure.
When bitten, the insect's mouth is completely immersed in the body of a person or animal. Penetration is extended over time and is a phased process.
At the initial stage, chelicera cut into the upper layer of the epithelium. Keratinized epidermal cells do not respond immediately. It takes up to 20 minutes to cut keratin cells and pave the way to the skin layer with a rich number of blood vessels.
Anesthetics powerfully block the sensation of pain from a bite. Anticoagulants do not allow blood to clot. The properties of saliva ensure that the tick remains on the human or animal body in an unidentified form for a long time.
Chelicera and proboscis plunge into the depths of skin tissue to a state of maximum penetration. After the penetration of the oral apparatus into the inner layer begins, the movement of the pedipalps in different directions begins.
As soon as complete implantation occurs, these elements move into a position parallel to the skin. The process of sucking a tick takes from 20 minutes to half an hour.
Among the features can be noted the ability of ticks to regulate the depth of penetration of the proboscis. Researchers in the course of scientific research have found that some species of ticks have the ability to penetrate the victim’s body for a portion of the length of the oral apparatus.
They know how to stop the process of immersion after reaching an area with branching blood vessels. Researchers found that this ability was present only in those ticks who often changed bitten ones.
It was found that such a functional solution is manifested as a protective measure against damage to the chelicea, which can be damaged with a significant thickness of the epidermis. The presence of trauma will not allow insect nutrition.
The proboscis of the tick has several functions. Firstly, it provides the transportation of the victim’s blood to the digestive system. Secondly, it helps fix the body of the parasite on the surface of the skin of the victim.
If you try to pull out, the tick body breaks into 2 parts. The oral apparatus remaining inside the body contributes to the formation of an inflammatory process.
After fixing in the skin layers, the tick begins to absorb a kind of cocktail from the victim’s blood along with damaged and destroyed epithelial cells.
How to understand what a tick bit
A street tick bite can be found on the body from early spring to late autumn. These insects are dangerous to humans, since the parasite carries serious diseases.
Staying outdoors may result in contact with a bloodsucker, while a bite is found on the head / body. It is not difficult to determine that a tick bit you, if you know what the affected area looks like and have information about the characteristics of the parasite.
Represents a family of arachnids. For this reason, the insect will move in a similar way. This is one of the hallmarks of ticks. However, if you do not know about other signs, it can be mistaken for a spider.
Pest habitats: undergrowth, small shrubs, grass. They do not live on trees. If a tick is bitten on the neck or head, it means that it climbed on its own to the desired area. These insects do not fall from the tree.
You need to know exactly who the tick is, what it looks like. The insect is characterized by small size (on average 3-4 mm), however, small individuals are also found (less than 1 mm). The number of paws is 4 pairs.
The body is large, and the head, on the contrary, is small in size relative to the abdomen. Color is black or brown. Having found a tick on the body, one must take into account that initially (in a hungry state) it will be rounded and flattened. Having nourished with blood, the insect increases in size. The abdomen becomes spherical.
What is dangerous
When a tick bites, the risk of infection with infections and pathogenic microbes increases.The most dangerous diseases: encephalitis, borreliosis.
In addition, the mites can go so deep into the head under the skin when they bite, that with self-removal, the risk of its separation from the abdomen increases. This is fraught with an inflammatory process.
The incubation period in humans with bites
The earlier a disease is diagnosed, the more likely it is to cure it. If a tick has been noticed in your body, the beginning of the incubation period begins from this moment.
Its duration is 1-2 months, which is affected by the characteristics of the human body. Symptoms manifest with varying intensity. The first sign can be seen both after 7 and 24 days after the bite.
Sometimes it’s possible to find out that a disease is developing only 2 months after contact with a pest. The rate of manifestation of the disease is affected by the body's resistance - the blood-brain barrier.
People sometimes do not attach importance to some manifestations, forgetting about the bites of parasites that took place some time ago. This leads to irreversible processes in the body and the task of saving a person is complicated.
External signs of a parasite bite
Thinking about how to understand that a forest tick has bitten, you need to pay attention to the place where the affected skin was found. The parasite attacks in the groin, armpits, abdomen, neck, on the head (area behind the ears).
Externally, the contact point looks unremarkable: a reddened spot with outlined edges, a red dot in the center. Sometimes swelling develops. These are manifestations of the reaction to the saliva of the pest.
A tick bite in a person may look different. At the same time, more extensive redness is noted (diameter 6-10 cm). This symptom indicates infection with Lyme disease.
Often a bitten person finds an insect when it has fixed and actively sucks blood, while the abdomen will rise above the skin.
Signs of contact with the parasite change, which is affected by a number of factors: the number of insects that attacked; age of the victim; health status.
When a tick is bitten, the symptoms may vary if you observe the changes at different stages: immediately after contact; the next day; in 1-3 weeks.
The first signs (a few hours after the bite)
Given the absence of pain, it is usually difficult to determine the cause of the ailment. If you study what symptoms appear as a result of contact with the parasite, and also examine the place of the bite on the human body, you can suspect infection and the manifestation of diseases of a different nature.
The first signs immediately after a bite:
- Drowsiness followed by weakness
- Joint pain is felt
- Negative reaction to light.
Later signs of insect contact
If the parasite was not immediately noticed or the initial symptoms of a tick bite were ignored, over time, the condition of the victim will worsen. Often, the manifestations remind of the initial stage of the development of ARVI.
The temperature will increase, however, other symptoms appear when a tick bites:
- Acute hypotension
- Allergic manifestations: rash, itching
- The lymph nodes react to foreign substances - they increase in size.
There are a number of signs that appear only in some cases and are not classic symptoms of infection in contact with the parasite:
- Labored breathing
- Nausea or vomiting
- Disorders of perception (hallucinations).
Manifestations in contact with an encephalitis tick
The main symptom is recurrent fever.This condition is characterized by periodically increasing body temperature.
1.5 weeks after contact with the pest, the spinal cord of a person is damaged, as a result - paralysis of certain muscle groups occurs. As the disease progresses, the brain is affected.
The head may hurt, fainting takes place, the digestive system is disturbed. These symptoms are observed against a background of increased body temperature. If untreated, the patient dies a week after the bite.
More about diseases after contact with a parasite
Thinking about the question of how to recognize a tick bite, you need to study information about the effects of contact with an insect. The likelihood of infection increases with the attack of a parasite, which is a carrier of diseases:
- Tick-borne encephalitis. The danger of the disease lies in the high rate of its development after the virus enters the human body.
- Borreliosis (Lyme disease). It can be treated provided that antibiotics are prescribed. The bite site increases in size up to 60 cm. Red rings on the skin are noticeable. The main danger of this disease is that sometimes it manifests itself, 6 months after contact with an insect.
- Dermatobiasis. A person is infected with gadfly eggs that were in the body of an insect. In this case, the larvae appear after some time from the eggs. They eat the human body, acting from the inside.
- Tick-borne acrodermatitis. It can be distinguished by a number of signs: the bite site itches, becomes inflamed. However, this disease does not threaten anything serious, since this is ordinary dermatitis (reaction to contact with a pest).
- Q fever.
- Marseille fever.
- Ehrlichiosis (microbial infection).
- Suspicious rickettsiosis.
Where to go after a tick bite
If characteristic symptoms are found, it is recommended that you visit an infectious disease specialist. External examination does not give a complete picture of the state of the human body. For this reason, it will be necessary to pass tests.
If a tick is found, it is necessary to immediately remove it and take it to the laboratory, which is engaged in similar studies. It is important that the insect is alive.
How to treat a bite
For various diseases, a certain treatment principle is effective. For example, encephalitis can be cured by taking human immunoglobulin.
Borreliosis can be treated with tetracycline, antibiotics are prescribed if necessary. Recommended for use are bacteriostatic drugs (for example, chloramphenicol).
Treatment of the affected area
Having figured out what a tick bite looks like, you need to pull out an insect, for which vegetable oil or alcohol is usually used. A small amount of the substance is applied to the area where the parasite has fixed.
Sometimes the pest creeps out itself, if this does not happen, after 15 minutes. use tweezers. The insect is removed in a circular motion.
You need to understand that self-administration of funds and dosage can be harmful. If you suspect encephalitis take: Prednisone, Ribonuclease, Polyglukin, Reopoliglukin.
If there are signs of borreliosis, it is treated with other drugs: tetracycline, lincomycin, chloramphenicol, piperacillin, azlocillin.
Having decided for yourself the question of what a forest tick looks like in the skin, you need to protect yourself in case of probable contact with the parasite.
When going for a walk, you should wear closed clothing that will tightly fit the whole body. It is recommended to use repellents or acaricidal drugs.
Clothing and exposed skin should be constantly monitored for parasites. Sometimes they are vaccinated 2 weeks before traveling to adverse terrain.
The tick may bite, however, if it is pulled out within 24 hours after it has fixed on the skin, the risk of infection is reduced.
The first signs and symptoms of a tick bite
People fear ticks not in vain: despite their relatively small size, these arachnid insects can cause many problems.
They parasitize mainly on animals, since their dense coat allows them to tolerate temperature changes and remain protected from any negative environmental factors.
The appearance of a tick on the human body is most often observed after a visit to a wooded area, where these parasites can easily jump on them from the branches and leaves of low young shrubs or grass, settling in unprotected skin areas. As a result, many people become victims of these insect bites.
Avoid contact with harmful parasites with safety precautions. But even in this case, you need to know the main signs of a tick bite in a person and the actions that must be taken in the first place.
The danger of bites - complications and consequences
In most cases recorded in medical practice, a tick bite does not carry serious complications for a person, however, a specialist will have to appear one way or another.
Diseases, the source of which is a tick bite, affects not only the epidermis, but also other tissues and internal organs:
- Blood pressure constantly rises and falls, the rhythm of the heart muscle is disturbed, arrhythmia develops;
- Severe pain in the liver appears;
- Renal channels, vessels and pyelocaliceal system of the renal system become inflamed;
- With movement, acute pain in the joints occurs;
- Pulmonary tissues become inflamed, interfering with the normal circulation of air in the body;
- The nerve endings are affected.
Frequent Bite Areas
The most common places for tick bites are:
- The area of skin around the auricles;
- Chest area;
- Inguinal part.
What are the symptoms of a tick bite?
A person is far from always able to immediately determine the appearance of a tick. Even if the parasite has already sucked, at first it will be imperceptible.
When and how quickly symptoms appear
2-3 hours after the bite, a person infected with the virus begins to feel changes in the functioning of the body. In people with a strong immune system, the first effects may begin to appear after 4-5 hours.
A person bitten by a tick, as a rule, soon notices a sharp breakdown and constant drowsiness. Chills and sharp pains in the joints during movement, increased sensitivity of the eyes to any light source are also the first signs of a tick bite.
Symptoms the next day
The first serious symptoms of a tick bite in a person appear after a day:
- Sudden pressure surges begin;
- Body temperature rises to 37.5 degrees and above;
- On the skin there are spots that are different from the rest of the cover in color, in the places of formation of which there is constant itching;
- Lymph nodes increase in size.
Signs of a tick bite
Only a doctor can correctly diagnose a disease that a person has contracted from a tick bite, since the symptoms are characteristic of both an ordinary cold and the initial stage of serious viral infections.
Signs of an encephalitis tick bite
Tick-borne encephalitis develops in the body within 1-4 weeks after a bite, in isolated cases this period can be no more than a few days.
The first symptoms of a tick bite of an encephalitis carrier:
- Very high temperature - up to 41 degrees;
- Constant trembling in the body;
- Inhibited reaction to what is happening around;
- Fear of light;
- Education on the surface of the tongue layer of white plaque;
- Reduce heart rate
- Rapid breathing.
In some cases, a bitten person may complain of cramps, nausea, and vomiting. Especially hard is the tick-borne encephalitis that is carried by children of preschool and adolescence, whose immune system is not fully formed. For this category of patients, a more rapid development of the disease and damage to the nervous system are more characteristic.
Signs of a tick bite infected with lime borreliosis
Lyme borreliosis is one of the most dangerous microbial infections that develops in humans with a tick bite. It affects both the cardiovascular and nervous systems of the body, disrupts the normal functioning of the musculoskeletal system.
The first symptom of a tick bite of a carrier of lime borreliosis is redness around the area of the epidermis where the parasite has sucked.
It manifests itself in the form of a spot of an uneven shape, which during the first few days of the development of the disease, constantly increases in size.
If initially its diameter does not exceed a few millimeters, then after a week this figure can be 10-30 centimeters or even more.
After a few weeks, the stain disappears, even if you do not carry out drug treatment, but then more serious consequences begin to make themselves felt:
- Hearing impairment or total loss of hearing;
- Violation of the motor function of one or several parts of the body;
- Decreased quality of sleep;
- Persistent headaches and muscle aches;
- Fatigue and general weakness in the body;
- Sack and sore throat.
Symptoms of other tick-borne diseases
The tick is a hotbed of many dangerous diseases: fever of various types, typhus, anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, smallpox and paroxysmal rickettsiosis, etc.
What symptoms are observed after a tick bite in a person in such cases:
- The temperature rises to 38-40 degrees;
- It becomes much harder to breathe, tachycardia begins, a manifestation of cardiac arrhythmia is possible;
- At the site of the bite, itching does not stop, which gradually spreads throughout the body;
- Any physical activity, including lifting from a lying / sitting position, ordinary movements and swinging limbs, it becomes much harder to perform;
- Partial damage to the nervous system is very likely.
What to do after a tick bite
If the bite was noticed some time after going to the forest, park and another place full of vegetation, where ticks live, you need to check whether there are parasites on the body and even those who have been nearby all this time.
Further, the procedure should be as follows:
- first, the tick will need to be removed: this can be done independently, using our recommendations, or by contacting the nearest medical institution;
- then it is recommended to take the extracted pest for research to the sanitary service - this will determine if it is a source of infection;
- Also, to detect antibodies for analysis, you will need to donate blood;
- the tick bite should be lubricated with an antiseptic to prevent an increase in size and to remove redness.
Only live ticks are suitable for analysis for infection. After all the recommended measures have been taken, you must follow the instructions of your doctor.
Even under the most favorable circumstances, the treatment of tick-borne infection is only half the problem. In such cases, the rehabilitation period may take from 2 months to several years.
Sometimes rehabilitation may be futile: the main symptoms in a person will either stay at the same level or progress, significantly reducing the patient’s quality of life, up to disability or even death.
Symptoms after a tick bite in a person, if an insect is infected, can lead to the most adverse health consequences: at least it will be several months of treatment, accompanied by weakness, fever and pain, in the worst case, the patient faces disability for life or death.
For these purposes, there are special types of clothing. Those areas that cannot be hidden can be treated with a special tool that prevents contact of the parasites with the skin. Well, do not forget about such prevention methods as vaccination.